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Czech Rep.

Visas are not required from all the West European citizens, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, USA, Israel, Cyprus and Japan. Australians and Canadians still need a visa!

Getting to Czech Republic
By air
The Czech main international airport is "Ruzine", Prague, some 20 km from the city center. A bus service (no.119) is run from the airport to "Dejvice" metro station, from where you can continue where ever you wish in Prague by metro, trams, or municipal buses.

By train
International trains departure and arrive from/to the "Hlavny Nadraji" (the main railway station) nearby the National Museum and Wazlav's square in the center of Prague. There are a direct daily train to Prague from Hamburg via Berlin (51 Euro) and Dresden, Munchen, Nuremberg, Frankfurt, Wien, Bratislava, Budapest($42), Krakow, Warsaw, Wroclaw, Kiev ($85), Moscow($120), St.Petrsburg via Kiev, Bucharest. The prices for East-European routes are much cheaper, then those for Western Europe. For example, the average fare to Prague from Roma is $130, but the same distance route from Warsaw cost's $25. One way ticket from Dresden to Prague for student's will cost $15 only. The best way to travel to Ukraine and Russia from Prague for cheap is to avoid of getting an international trains. You can catch the local train to Bratislava ($7-8), from Bratislava to Kosice by suburban train ($5-6), Uzgorod (Ukrainean border crossing point and the same name town) is easily accesible by local buses from Kosice ($5),the train Uzgorod - Kiev ($10-15), and Kiev - Moscow by train ($15-20). Remember, that everyone need a visa in order to visit Ukraine and Russia. Usually, if you have have the Russian visa, you can transit through Ukraine, but check this before you departure.

By bus
All the international buses departure from the "Florenc" terminal in Prague, some 15 minutes walk from the "Hlavny Nadraji". There are frequent comfortable coaches to all surrounded countries, as far as to Bratislava, Croatia, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, Romania, Greece, Ukraine. Traveling by bus is cheaper than the train, but less comfortable. There are students fares with ISIC card on some of the routes.

Traveling in Czech Republic
Czech republic has an efficient and punctual transport system of suburban trains, intercity trains and buses. Almost every small town is connected to the nearest city or the capital. Rates are very low in compare to the Western countries. Prague
Six hundred years of architecture, unharmed by war or nature, make Prague one of the most aesthetically pleasing cities in Europe. Disappearing behind the Iron Curtain for most of the latter part of the twentieth century, Prague re-emerged after the Velvet Revolution of 1989 and is today, one of Europe's most visited attractions. The city is compact and easy to navigate, from the Old Town Square where classical concerts and traditional marionette theatre shows are regularly held to the two citadels from which the modern-day city has grown. Philosophers read Kafka in Bohemia whilst history enthusiasts feast upon castles and cathedrals, dating back to medieval times. In summer visitors can take advantage of boat-rides down the river, under the spectacularly adorned Charles Bridge (Karluv most). Prague has an unusual concentration of theatres, museums, concert halls, galleries and many other cultural events. The history of Prague in many ways resembles the history of Czech state. First a settlement around Prague Castle (Prajsky Hrad) and later the Vyshegrad Castle, it became a town of all its privileges in 1230, and developed into a self-confident agglomeration of Prague towns. The Baroque entered Prague, and the domes of its churches, the palace courtyard and gardens have since adorned the historic part of the town. Prague isn't a city to the tourist who want to have personal relations with the local inhabitants, because of the mass of tourists who wander around everyday in the city. The city is full with shops and attractions which are there especially for the visitors of the city.

Getting in Prague
Tickets for the metro, trams and buses are interchangeable and best bought in advance from newsagents (tabak), hotel reception desks or street kiosks. It is also possible to purchase a reasonably priced tourist pass, valid for between 1 to 5 days. For speed, the modern Metro is the most successful. The tickets are valid on metro, trams, buses and finicular for 60 minutes from ticket validation (90 minutes after 20:00). Short term season tickets with a period of validity 24 hours, 3 days, 7 days and 15 days are validated as single tickets in validation machines inside the metro stations, buses and trams. the price for 60 minutes single ticket (adult) is 12 krons ($0.35), 24 hours ticket - 70 krons ($2), 3 days ticket is 200 krons($5.50), 7 days - 250 krons($7) and 15 days is 300 krons($8.50).

Where to stay
Arena hostel, 2 minutes walk from Nadrazi Holesovice metro station, a bed starts at a $7.5 per night, in the reception there are 4 PCs connected 24 hours to the internet for the use free of charge of the guests.

A new period of growth came as late as the 19th century with the onset of Industrial Revolution. The world-known burgher, Prazdroj brewery, was founded in 1848, engineering Skoda Works were founded in 1859, and an extensive railroad system was built in the period 1860 to 1875. Furthermore, the Grand Theatre, the West Bohemian Museum and the Synagogue date back to this period. The city of Plzen entered the 20th century as a industrial, economic and cultural city, which was soon to experience the influence of an economic crisis and two world wars. Plzen was liberated on May 6th, 1945, by the American forces. After that, the city, as well as the rest of the Czech republic, were to ride out more than 40 years of pro-Soviet communistic dominion. The capital of West Bohemia is nowadays again a sovereign city boasting with number of interesting historic and architectural monuments. Among them 13th century St.Bartholomew's Church, Renaissance town hall, the unique Brewery Museum, the historic underground caverns with medieval cellars, Franciscan monastery and the Church of Sent Anna definitely rank.

The second largest city of the Czech Republic Located in Southern Moravia along the confluence of the rivers Svratka and Svitava Population of approximately is over half a million people. The greater metropolitan area including other nearby cities has population of almost 1 million. A major water reservoir, the Brno Dam Lake is located on the Svratka river in the close proximity to the city There are 6 universities with 26 faculties attended by some 32.000 students An interesting and compact historic Old city of Brno contains the great number of museums, galleries, theatres, zoological garden, botanical gardens and observatory, a huge fortress on a hill, just some 15 minutes walk from the city center.

Cesky Krymlov
The picturesque town of Cesky Krymlov is situated on the banks of the meandering upper course of the Vltava river in Southern Bohemia, some 25 kilometres from the Austrian border. It flourished particularly under the Lords of Rozemberk (1302-1602) who made a Cesky Krymlov the centre of their large estate. Cesky Krymlov offers to the travellers more than three hundred perfectly preserved historic buildings, Cathedrals, The Castle. It's a centre of cultural and congress tourism with its international Music festival, the Renaissance Music festival and many others.

Kutna Hora
Kutna Hora is situated about 50 km east of Prague, was the richest and the most significant town of the medieval Bohemia. That Wenceslav IV, The king of Bohemia, resided here at the turn of the 14th century only added lustre to the town. Back in the 13th century, rich silver deposits were discovered in its vicinity. There are several impressive gothic Cathedrals, Church of St.James (1330). Related to the to the past mining activity in the town is the structure of Hradek, integrated into the former fortification walls.

Telc, with a population of 7,000 is a natural centre of the southern part of the Bohemian-Moravian region, and the architectural and artistic gem apparently spared the ravages of time. Once a royal water fort was founded in the 13th century at a cross roads of major trade routes it was owned by by several royal families. The towns landmarks include, apart from the renaissance and Baroque houses on a medieval ground plan. The fact that the corner pillars are common some neighbouring houses suggests that the arcade, and actually the houses facade, were added later, based on unified design.